• 31
    Oct
  • HIV/AIDS among Minority Races and Ethnicities in the United States: RESULTS

Estimated Diagnoses of HIV/AIDS

Of the 124,972 diagnoses of HIV/AIDS made during 2000-2003 in the 32 states, 68% were for minority races and ethnicities. Of all persons given a diagnosis of HIV/AIDS, 52% were black, 15% Hispanic and <1% each were American Indian/Alaska Native or Asian/Pacific Islander. By sex, 63% of males and 81% of females were members of minority races and ethnicities. Blacks accounted for the largest proportions among both males (45%) and females (69%). In each race or ethnicity, the predominant transmission category was male-to-male sexual contact for male adults and adolescents, and heterosexual contact for female adults and adolescents. The largest number of diagnoses of HIV/AIDS in each race or ethnicity was for persons aged 25-44. Most of the children (<13 years) given a diagnosis of HIV/AIDS were black (70%) (Table 1).

Table 1. Estimated Cases of HIV/AIDS, by Selected Characteristics, 2000-2003 32 States with Confidential Name-Based HIV Infection Reporting

Race/Ethnicity

Asian/

American

Pacific

Indian/

White Black Hispanic

Islander

Alaska Native
Characteristic No. % No. %

No.

%

No.

%

No.

%
Transmission Category
Male
Male-to-male sexual contact

25,842

76.6

19,535

48.5

9,047

60.9

399

64.8

308

60.9
Injection drug use

3,265

9.7

7,372

18.3

2,362

15.9

74

12

76

15.1
Male-to-male sexual contact
and injection drug use

2,251

6.7

2,017

5

753

5.1

25

4

55

11
Heterosexual

2,071

6.1

10,815

26.9

2,527

17

106

17.3

62

12.2
Other*

310

0.9

538

1.3

162

1.1

12

1.9

4

0.8
Subtotal

33,738

100

40,278

100

14,851

100

616

100

505

100
Female
Injection drug use

1,989

30.4

4,059

16.7

674

17.8

21

11.4

61

29.1
Heterosexual

4,390

67.1

19,508

80.4

2,983

78.7

153

83.6

146

69.3
Other*

166

2.5

687

2.8

136

3.6

9

5 CO 1.6
Subtotal

6,545

100

24,254

100

3,792

100

183

100

210

100
Age at Diagnosis
<13

106

0.3

557

0.9

123

0.7

6

0.8

2

0.3
13-24

3,242

CO

9,073

14.1

2,084

11.2

74

9.2

95

13.3
25-34

11,045

27.4

17,629

27.3

6,470

34.7

325

40.7

220

30.8
35-44

16,248

40.3

21,555

33.4

6,395

34.3

250

31.3

257

35.9
45-54

7,182

17.8

11,333

17.6

2,524

13.5

110

13.8

108

15.2
55-64

1,990

4.9

3,309

5.1

773

4.1

27

3.4

25

3.5
>65

471

1.2

1,076

1.7

273

1.5

6

0.8

7

1
Total

40,284

64,532

18,642

799

715

Estimated number of persons living with HIV/AIDS at the end of 2003

134,621

167,632

43,077

1,596

1,873

In 2003, the HIV/AIDS diagnosis rate for blacks was 74 per 100,000; for Hispanics, it was 25 per 100,000. Rates for American Indians/Alaska Natives and whites were 11 per 100,000 and nine per 100,000, respectively. The lowest rate was that for Asians/Pacific Islanders (seven per 100,000). Each year, HIV/AIDS diagnosis rates were consistently higher among black men and women (Figure 1). esomeprazole 40 mg

Figure 1. Estimated Annual HIV-AIDS Diagnosis Rates

Figure 1. Estimated Annual HIV/AIDS Diagnosis Rates, by Sex and Race/Ethnicity, 2000-2003 32 States with Confidential Name-Based HIV Infection Reporting

Estimated Numbers of Persons Living with HIV/AIDS in 32 States

At the end of2003, an estimated 348,799 persons were living with HIV/AIDS in the 32 states; of those, 214,178 (61%) were members of minority races and ethnicities: 48% were black, 12% Hispanic, and 0.5% each were Asian/Pacific Islander and American Indian/Alaska Native (Table 1). The rate for persons living with HIV/AIDS, compared with that for whites (114 per 100,000), was higher for blacks (765 per 100,000)and Hispanics (220 per 100,000), and lower for Asians/Pacific Islanders (40 per 100,000) and American Indians/Alaska Natives (106 per 100,000). generic viagra uk

Estimated Diagnoses of AIDS

From 1999-2003, an estimated 201,106 cases of AIDS were diagnosed, 70% of which were in persons of minority races and ethnicities. In three areas, the results for each minority race and ethnicity are similar to those for HIV/AIDS: 1) the predominant transmission categories among male and female adults and adolescents were male-to-male sexual contact and heterosexual contact, respectively; 2) the largest number of diagnoses were for persons aged 25-44; and 3) most of the children given a diagnosis of AIDS were black (70%).The proportional distribution of cases by geographic region of residence at the time of AIDS diagnosis differed by race and ethnicity: 55% of blacks were from the south, 40% of Hispanics were from the northwest, and 52% each of Asians/Pacific Islanders and of American Indians/Alaska Natives were from the west (Table 2).

Table 2. Estimated Cases of AIDS, by Selected Characteristics, 1999-2003 50 States and the District of Columbia

Race/Ethnicity

Asian/

American

Pacific

Indian/

White Black Hispanic

Islander

Alaska Native

Characteristic No. % No. %

No.

%

No.

%

No.

%
Transmission Category
Male
Male-to-male sexual contact

37,155

72.1

29,064

43.2

14,990

53.7

1,140

67

381

56.2
Injection drug use

6,590

12.8

18,755

27.9

6,934

24.8

192

11.3

132

19.5
Male-to-male sexual contact
and injection drug use

4,176

8.1

3,980

5.9

1,554

5.6

77

4.5

95

13.9
Heterosexual

3,021

5.9

14,625

21.8

4,112

14.7

262

15.4

64

9.5
Other*

613

1.2

811

1.2

330

1.2

31

1.8

6

0.9
Subtotal

5}f555

100

67,236

100

27,921

100

1,703

100

679

100
Female
Injection drug use

3,357

38.2

9,908

28.5

2,361

30.1

60

16.4

98

40.6
Heterosexual

5,186

59

23,859

68.6

5,224

66.6

282

76.9

136

56.5
Other*

252

2.9

1,005

2.9

255

3.3

24

6.6

7

2.9
Subtotal

8,794

100

34,772

100

7,840

100

367

100

241

100
Age at Diagnosis
<13

68

0.1

402

0.4

95

0.3

6

0.3

0

0
13-24

1,396

2.3

5,299

5.2

1,824

5.1

85

4.1

53

5.8
25-34

13,302

22

24,375

23.9

10,690

29.9

622

30

269

29.3
35-44

27,096

44.9

40,779

40

14,118

39.5

814

39.3

378

41.2
45-54

13,643

22.6

22,831

22.4

6,445

18

388

18.8

169

18.4
55-64

3,808

6.3

6,315

6.2

1,943

5.4

116

5.6

39

4.2
>65

1,036

1.7

2,009

2

646

1.8

38

1.8

10

1.1
Region of Residence at Diagnosis
Northwest

13,475

22.3

29,188

28.6

14,313

40

533

25.8

81

8.8
Midwest

8,049

13.3

10,686

10.5

2,007

5.6

145

7

114

12.4
South

23,225

38.5

55t626

54.5

9,733

27.2

325

15.7

246

26.8
West

15,599

25.8

6,509

6.4

9,708

27.1

1,066

51.5

479

52.1
Total

60,349

102,008

35,761

2,069

919

Estimated number of persons living with AIDS at the end of 2003

146,311

171,890

70,695

3,781

1,497

Deaths of persons with AIDS

26,792

45,122

13,013

494

386

AIDS diagnosis rates in 2003 were higher for blacks (58 per 100,000) and Hispanics (20 per 100,000), and lower for American Indians/Alaska Native (eight per 100,000) and Asians/Pacific Islanders (four per 100,000). From 1999-2003, rates for black males and females were higher than rates for males and females in the other minority races and ethnicities (Figure 2).
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Figure 2. Estimated Annual AIDS Diagnosis Rates

Figure 2. Estimated Annual AIDS Diagnosis Rates, by Sex and Race/Ethnicity, 2000-2003 50 States and the District of Columbia

Deaths of Persons with AIDS

During 1999-2003, there were 85,897 estimated deaths among persons with AIDS, 69% of whom were members of minority races and ethnicities. The largest number of deaths was among blacks, who accounted for 45,122 (53%) of estimated deaths among persons with AIDS (Table 2).
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Estimated Numbers of Persons Living with AIDS in the United State in the United States were living with AIDS; 63% were members of minority races and ethnicities (Table 2). Among all races and ethnicities, the largest number of persons living with AIDS was black (171,890, or 44%). AIDS prevalence rates were disproportionately higher for blacks. In 2003, the AIDS prevalence rate for blacks was 471 per 100,000, more than six times the rate for whites (73 per 100,000) and nearly three times the rate for His-panics (177 per 100,000). Compared with the prevalence rate for whites, rates were lower for American Indians/Alaska Natives (62 per 100,000) and Asians/Pacific Islanders (30 per 100,000). At the end of 2003, an estimated 394,174 persons

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