Asthma Care Practices in Chicago-Area Emergency Departments: Survey Population
The section on treatment practices included questions on mode of β-adrenergic therapy, use of systemic and inhaled steroids, theophylline therapy, and use of supplemental oxygen. The section on discharge and follow-up activities included questions on prescriptions, written standardized treatment plans, formal/informal educational materials, appointments, and referrals. Finally, the section on guidelines queried the director’s opinion of the NAEPP guidelines and the promotion and use of the guidelines within their ED.
The respondents were asked to refer to 1995 data for the questions concerning utilization statistics, and they were asked to provide actual numbers rather than estimates whenever possible. Click Here
The EDs in the six-county Chicago area (including Cook, DuPage, Kane, Lake, McHenry, and Will counties) were identified from lists provided by the American Hospital Association, the Health Care Information Association, and the Illinois College of Emergency Physicians. Ninety-one EDs were identified from these sources. Each ED was contacted by phone to determine study eligibility—specifically, that it was a nonmilitary hospital and that it had an open and active ED in 1996. The survey population comprised a total of 89 EDs.
A survey packet was mailed to the medical director of each of the 89 EDs. The packets included a cover letter, the survey, and a postage-paid return envelope. Nonrespondents were contacted by telephone to assure that the survey was received and the appropriate person from the ED had been identified. Additional follow-up efforts included explanatory calls and remailing of surveys as necessary. Completed surveys were reviewed and the respondents were contacted by telephone regarding missing information.